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2019考研英语:盘货作文常考8类主题词

产品时间:2022-06-07 05:10

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►精神品质类(极重要)注:是考察频度最高的话题。是绝对的重点。...

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本文摘要:►精神品质类(极重要)注:是考察频度最高的话题。是绝对的重点。

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►精神品质类(极重要)注:是考察频度最高的话题。是绝对的重点。team spirit:团队精神teamwork:团队互助strengthen mutual cooperation:增强相互互助cultivate the atmosphere of teamwork:形成团队精神patience:耐心prudence:审慎persistence/perseverance:恒心/毅力/坚持 —— 对应:give up halfway(中途而废)endeavor:努力diligence/painstaking efforts:勤奋self-dependence/self-reliance/independence:自立innovation/creativity/critical thinking:创新self-confidence:自信(lack of confidence:缺乏自信)modesty:谦虚striving spirit:奋斗精神the spirit of competition:拼搏精神aggressive:有进取心的strong-willed:意志坚强的tireless:孜孜不倦的persevering:奋不顾身的consistent:始终如一的adversity and hardship:逆境和磨难a sense of achievement:成就感sense of honor:荣誉感entertain great ambitions:胸怀理想reap without sowing:不劳而获haste makes waste:欲速则不达utilitarian:功利的,急功近利的actions:行动(take actions:付诸行动)down-to-earth:务实的thrift:勤俭honesty:诚信respect the old and care for the young:尊老爱幼curiosity:充满好奇spirit of the craftsman/craftsman's spirit/craftsmanship spirit:工匠精神striving for the best/striving for excellence:字斟句酌►道德类(极重要)public morality:公德devotion/dedication:奉献charity:慈善duty/responsibility:责任sense of responsibility:责任感shoulder/assume/undertake one's duties/responsibility:负担责任avoid/shirk/shun one's duties/responsibility:逃避责任traditional virtues:传统美德practice filial piety:推行孝道selfless devotion:无私奉献Patriotism:爱国主义comply with the law/observation of the law:遵守执法comply with public morality:遵守公德follow the morals:按道品德事improve public morals:革新社会民风safeguard public morals:维护公共道德injure public morality:损害公共道德be public-spirited:有公德心的the corruption of public morality:公德堕落the lack of moral sense:道德缺失the crisis of trust:信任危机spit everywhere:随地吐痰make noise/talk loudly:高声喧哗littering:乱丢垃圾empty promise:空洞答应false promise:虚假答应compete for benefits:争抢利益unfair competitions:不公正竞争consumers' rights and interests:消费者权益disregard the public rules:无视公共规章break/violate public regulations:违反公共规章benevolence:善心仁慈with heart and soul:全心全意amicable:友好的charitable:宽厚的credibility:信誉,美誉fake commodities:伪劣产物dishonest behaviors:欺诈行为unaffordable prices of medicines:药价虚高academic corruption:学术糜烂plagiarism:剽窃抄袭excessive growth:过分上涨illegal ads:非法广告food safety:食品宁静misdeed/misconduct:不良行为spirit of contact:契约精神volunteer/volunteering/volunteering service:志愿者/志愿者运动/志愿服务volunteer spirit:志愿者精神►家庭类或两代关系类(重要)注:1992年以来,家庭类话题在英语(一)大作文中考过5次,是重要的考察话题。最近一次考的是在2016年。

mutual understanding:相互明白aging society:老龄化社会population aging:人口老龄化generation gap:代沟widen/expand generation gap:扩大代沟narrow/bridge generation gap:消除代沟chauvinism:大男子主义career women:职业妇女domestic/family violence:家庭暴力foster/raise/breed/nurture/bring up:抚育household chores:繁杂家务spoil children/dote on children:溺爱孩子over-indulgence:纵容溺爱only child:独生子女the universal two-child policy:全面二孩政策例:The aging trend would be actively addressed by the universal two-child policy.(全面二孩政策将有效应对人口老龄化趋势)boomerang kids/the NEET group(NEET=Not currently engaged in Education, Employment or Training):啃老族a well-off family:小康之家nuclear famaily:焦点家庭a single-parent family:单亲家庭one's later years/one's remaining years:晚年filial piety:孝道practice filial piety/fulfill filial duty:推行孝道support(take care of/sustain) the elderly(the old/the aged/the senior/aged parents/the old and infirm parents):赡养老人show solicitude for parents:体贴怙恃mistreat/ill-treat/maltreat parents:荼毒怙恃cousin:堂兄妹,表兄妹offspring:子女,子弟ancestor:祖先heir:继续人►环保类(重要)注:1992年以来,环保类话题在英语(一)大作文中已考过3次,是重要的考察话题。environment-friendly:生态环保的conserve natural habitats:掩护生存情况animal rights activist:动物权益掩护者natural reserve:自然掩护区natural resources:自然资源energy conservation and environmental protection:节能环保biodiversity:生物多样性extinction:灭绝wind breaks:防风林sand breaks:防沙林climate change:气候变化greenhouse effect:温室效应threat of global warming:全球变暖的威胁develop renewable resources:开发可再生资源low-carbon economy:低碳经济low-carbon lifestyle:低碳生活方式environmental awareness:情况意识deforestation:森林消失landslide:山体滑坡biodegradable:可生物降解的environment-friendly(eco-friendly) products:环保产物household garbage:生活垃圾waste sorting/garbage classification:垃圾分类motor vehicle pollution:汽车尾气污染reduce exhaust emission from cars/automobiles:淘汰汽车尾气的排放low-emission cars:小排量汽车high-emission cars:大排量汽车public transport:公共交通green commuting:绿色出行water and soil erosion:水土流失soot emissions:烟尘排放sea water desalinization:海水淡化eco-demonstration region:生态示范区Nationally Designated Garden City:国家级园林都会create pleasant living environment:缔造怡人的生活情况air pollution:空气污染degradation/deterioration of air quality:空气质量恶化discharge/emit poisonous/toxic gas:排放有毒气体acid rain:酸雨drought:干旱sandstorm:沙尘暴toxic waste:有毒废物industrial waste:工业废物sewage treatment:污水处置惩罚►康健类注:只在1996、1997这两年考过。康健类话题英语(二)考察的可能性比力大。physical health/fitness/well-being:生理康健mental/psychological health/fitness/well-being:心理康健improve/enhance physical(psychological) health:增进生理(心理)康健hurt/damage physical(psychological)health:损害生理(心理)康健health concern:康健问题state of health:康健状况sub-health:亚康健public health:公共卫生state of mind:心态physical exercises:体育磨炼well-balanced diet:平衡饮食sacrifice health:牺牲康健junk food:垃圾食品food additives:食品添加剂go on a diet:节食,减肥arrhythmia:心律不齐indigestion:消化不良vaccinate:打疫苗infectious disease/illness:感染病chronic disease/illness:慢性病non-acclimatization:水土不平relapse:复发症stupor:昏厥nearsightedness/myopia/short-sightedness:近视malnutrition:营养不良chill:打冷战►文化类(重要)注:文化类话题是英语(一)大作文的高频考察话题,1992年以来已考过4次,最近一次是在2010年(文化暖锅)。

停止现在,已有7年未考了,2018考研务必重视这个话题。culture and civilization:文化和文明The cultural blending/integration/fusion:文化融合cultural exchanges/interaction/interchange:文化交流cultural diversity:文化多元化multiculturalism:多元文化cultural identity:文化特性cultural treasures:文化宝藏cultural heritage/legacy:文化遗产cultural relics:文物cultural facilities:文化设施cultural devolution:文化退化cultural insights:文化视角traditional Chinese culture/national culture:民族(传统)文化alien/foreign culture:外国文化Chinese cultural symbols:中国文化的符号advocate/carry forward traditional culture:弘扬传统文化preserve and cherish traditions:生存和珍惜传统undermine traditions:破坏传统great and profound:博大精湛的public literature:民间文学light literature:通俗文学local customs and practices:风土人情cross-cultural communication:跨文化交流spiritual civilization:精神文明break with old customs:扬弃传统hand down from generation to generation:代代相传minority:少数民族national pride:民族自豪original:原始原创的charming:极具魅力的splendid:壮丽辉煌的talk show:谈话节目crash:碰撞collection:收藏品mahjong:麻将Peking/Beijing opera:京剧Tang Suit:唐装folk art:民间艺术paper-cut:剪纸Confucius Institute:孔子学院Chinese craze:中国热►教育类注:教育类话题英语(二)考察的可能性比力大。compulsory education:义务教育life-long education:终身教育exam/test-oriented education:应试教育quality education:素质教育well-rounded development of a child:全面生长balanced development of a child:平衡生长cultural quality:文化素质impart knowledge and educate people:教书育人dropout student:失学儿童intellectual property:知识产权law education:法制教育teach students according to their aptitude:因材施教force-feeding method of teaching:填鸭式教学academic/theoretical knowledge:理论知识practical skills:实用技术integrate theory with practice:理论联系实际disconnect theory from practice:理论脱离实际shape/mould one's character:塑造性格extra-curricular activities:课外运动the spirit of exploration:探索精神cultivate (nurture, foster) creative/original thinking:造就创新思维stifle/constrain/extinguish creativity:抹杀缔造力sap/dampen student's interest in sth.:挫伤学生对某事的兴趣opening ceremony:开学仪式key school:重点中学private school:私立学校public school:公立学校eliminate illiteracy:扫盲miss a class:缺课cut a class:缺课drop out:辍学quit school:退学assistantship:助学金scholarship:奖学金university graduates:大学结业生pursue post-graduate study/take part in the entrance exams for postgraduates:考研study abroad/go abroad for further education:出国留学excessive/undue academic pressure:过大的学习压力the burden of study/learning:学习肩负ease/relieve academic pressure:缓解学习压力intensify academic pressure:增强学习压力academic atmosphere:学习气氛►经济类注:经济类话题英语(二)考察的可能性比力大。

economic globalization:经济全球化recession/bleeding economy:经济不景气economic/financial crisis:经济/金融危机the fallout of economic/financial crisis:经济/金融危机的影响economic recovery:经济苏醒economic prosperity:经济繁荣spur/stimulate economic development:刺激经济生长hinder/impede economic development:阻碍经济生长job market:就业市场look for/hunt for/seek a job:找事情job seeker:求职者a tough job market:严峻的就业形势unrealistic salary expectations:不切实际的薪资期望pursue a high-paid job:追求高薪事情without/lack of practical experience/hands-on experience/practical abilities/vocational skills/career skills:没有或缺乏实践履历/实践能力/职业技术lose one's job/be unemployed:失业job losses mount, unemployment climbs:失业加剧unemployment:失业人数generate/create/afford job opportunities/employment opportunities:缔造/提供就业时机career guidance:就业指导decline/recession/depression:萎缩/衰退/萧条bubble economy:泡沫经济demand exceed supply:求过于供turn loss into gains:转亏为盈stabilize prices:稳定物价unfair competition:不正当竞争fierce/intense/furious/cut-throat competition:猛烈竞争fake and inferior product:冒充伪劣产物after-sale service:售后服务enterprise image:企业形象brand effect:品牌效应over-consuming:超前消费reduce the funding for...:淘汰经费lift/elevate people's standard of living:提高人们的生活水平lower citizens' standard of living:降低住民生活水平eliminate poverty:消除贫困expand the gap between the wealthy and the needy:扩大贫富差距increase/expand domestic demand:扩大内需spur/stimulate consumption:刺激消费点击相识更多,免费领取考研资料。


本文关键词:2019,考研英语,盘货,作文,常考,8类,主题词,►,澳门永利娱场官方网

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